With 151st position among 153 countries ranked in the latest Global Gender Gap Index 2020, Pakistan has been ranked as the third least performer in the world in terms of gender parity.
In the latest rankings, Pakistan is ahead of only two countries i.e, Iraq and Yemen. The top country in the ranking is Iceland followed by Norway and Finland.
The Global Gender Gap Index serves as a compass to track progress on relative gaps between women and men on health, education, economy and politics.
The Global Gender Gap Report groups countries into eight broad geographical groupings including East Asia and the Pacific; Eastern Europe and Central Asia; Latin America and the Caribbean; Middle East and North Africa; North America; South Asia.
In terms of rankings by region, Pakistan is at the bottom in South Asia with Bangladesh leading the region followed by Nepal and Sri Lanka.These gender-based gaps have been measured among four key dimensions including Economic Participation and Opportunity, Educational Attainment, Health and Survival and Political Empowerment.
As per the report Pakistan has closed only 56% of the gender gap. The report reads “This performance represents an improvement from the previous edition (55.0), but it is insufficient to prevent Pakistan from falling in the rankings, as new countries have entered the rankings at a higher position.”
The report also notes that only one-quarter of Pakistani women participate in the labour force (i.e. working or looking to work) compared with 85% of men while only 5% of senior and leadership roles are held by women. “It is estimated that only 18% of Pakistan’s labour income goes to women, one of the lowest shares among countries studied,” the report reads.
Image credit: Global Gender Gap Report 2020